PriMera Scientific Surgical Research and Practice (ISSN: 2836-0028)

Research Article

Volume 3 Issue 1

Burns Care, Epidemiology and Aetiology in Newly Established Burns Unit: Atbuth

Anthony Sabo Ezekiel*, Kefas John Bwala, Felix M Wina and S Adamu

December 14, 2023

DOI : 10.56831/PSSRP-03-080


Context: Burns has remained one of the severest forms of trauma a man suffers. All ages and sexes are affected however, different studies have shown predilection for certain age groups and sexes due to activities and environments such individuals are exposed to. These injuries are best managed in a dedicated burn centres or units. There is a paucity of data on such emanating centres in the North-eastern Nigeria. Materials and Methods: The study is a retrospective one looking at the pattern of burn injury among patients seen and treated in Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Teaching Hospital, Bauchi (ATBUTH). Folders of burns patients seen and managed with major acute burns between January 2018 and December 2021 in the institution were collected and data was obtained using a proforma. Statistical package for social sciences version 25 was used to analyse the data and the result depicted in tables and charts. Result: A total of 77 patients were studied among which 68.8% were less or equal to 10 years of age, 64.9% were males, and scald was responsible for 57.1% of injury followed by flame (32.5%). Seventy-four point zero percent sustained superficial partial thickness injury and the most commonly affected body part is the back followed by the right upper limb seen in 57% and 50% of cases respectively. The majority, (72.1%), were managed with wound dressing only while 1.3% had skin grafting. A mortality rate of 9.1% was recorded. Trimodal peak was seen in the months of February/March, July and October. Conclusion: The paediatric age group was the most affected by scald burns which was largely due to domestic accidents. This shows that adults need to do more in order to protect these youngsters from the danger of burns.

Keywords: burns; epidemiology; aetiology; care; new burns unit


  1. Marguder KM, McLaughlin KA and Borbon DLE. “Trauma is a public health issue”. European journal of Psychotraumatology 8.1 (2017): 1375338.
  2. Michael Peck, Joseph Molnar and Swart D. “A global plan for burn prevention and care”. Bull World Health Organ 87 (2009): 802-3.
  3. Othman N and Kendrick D. “Epidemiology of burn injuries in the East Mediterranean Region: a systematic review”. BMC Public Health 10 (2010): 83.
  4. Esen O., et al. “Epidemiology of burn injuries in the Burn Center”. South. Clin. Ist. Euras 32.4 (2021): 360-365.
  5. Isiguzo CM., et al. “Burn injury in tertiary health facility in South East Nigeria: A 2 year prospective study”. Burns open 4 (2020): 153-157.
  6. Dongo AE., et al. “A five-year review of burn injuries in Irrua”. BMC Health Services Research 7 (2007): 171.
  7. Jiburum BC and Olaitan PB. “Burn injuries in Enugu, Nigeria”. Nigerian journal of surgical research 7.3 (2005): 271- 273.
  8. Gupta JK, Makhija Lk and Bajaj SP. “National programme for prevention of burn injuries”. Indian journal of Plastic Surgery 43 (2010): S6-S10.
  9. Dogo D, Yawe T and Na’Aya HU. “Burns injury in North Eastern Nigeria”. Nig J Surg 4 (1997): 19-22.
  10. Datubo-Brown DD and Kejeh BM. “Burn injuries in Port Harcourt, Nigeria”. Burns 15 (1989): 152-154.
  11. Mabogunje OA, Khwaja MS and Lawrie JH. “Childhood burns in Zaria Nigeria”. Burns 13 (1987): 298-304.
  12. Oladele AO and Olabanji JK. “Burns in Nigeria: A review”. Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters 23.3 (2010): 120-7.
  13. Banerjee S and Shumba C. “A systematic review of epidemiological patterns and proposed interventions to address pediatric burns in Nigeria”. Afri Health Sci 20.2 (2020): 991-999.
  14. Walsh K, Hughes I and Dheansa B. “Management of chemical burns”. Br J Hosp Med (Lond) 83.3 (2022): 1-12.
  15. Williams FN, Herndon DN and Jeschke MG. “The hypermetabolic response to burn injury and interventions to modify this response”. Clin Plast Surg 36 (2009): 583-96.
  16. Nielson CB., et al. “Burns: Pathophysiology of Systemic Complications and Current Management”. J Burn Care Res 38.1 (2017): e469-e481.