PriMera Scientific Surgical Research and Practice (ISSN: 2836-0028)

Case Report

Volume 2 Issue 6

The Safety and Efficacy of Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusions in the Outpatient Setting

Hunter F Pharis, Daniel T DeGenova, Braden J Passias, Taylor J Manes*, Grace Parizek and Daryl R Sybert

November 27, 2023


Background: Outpatient surgical procedures have shown reduced costs, improved patient outcomes, and decreased postoperative complications. Interest in moving orthopedic and neurosurgical spine procedures to the outpatient setting has grown in recent years because of these factors. Studies investigating open posterior lumbar interbody fusions (PLIF) in the outpatient setting are sparse.

Methods: Patients who underwent an open PLIF with pedicle screw and rod construct from 2014 to 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Outpatient procedures were defined by patient discharge being on the same day of procedure, without admittance to an inpatient ward. Pertinent demographic, clinical, radiographic, and surgical data were collected and analyzed.

Results: The current study included 36 outpatient PLIF cases with 94.4% of the study cohort undergoing a single level PLIF. The average Oswestry Disability Index Score improved by 20.4 points from preoperative measurements (p = 0.0002) and the Visual Analog Scale Score improved by 27.2 points (p = 0.0001). Postoperative fusion rate was 94.4%. One intraoperative complication occurred (2.78%), and four post-operative complications occurred (11.11%). There were no subsequent admissions throughout the postoperative follow up period; however, two of the 36 patients (5.56%) did require reoperation, both in an outpatient setting.

Conclusion: This study demonstrates that open posterior lumbar interbody fusions performed in an outpatient setting can be performed safely and effectively, with a significant reduction in VAS and ODI pain scores.

Keywords: Posterior lumbar interbody fusion; Outpatient lumbar fusion; Same-day discharge; Spinal fusion; Open surgery


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