Olabisi O Ogunleye*, Haruna U Liman, Baje S Makama, Kefas J Bwala and Oluchukwu B Ogunleye
October 28, 2023
DOI : 10.56831/PSSRP-02-068
Introduction: Cranioplasty is a reconstructive procedure designed to repair skull defects or restore skull continuity following a previous operation or injury. Reconstruction with cranioplasty may be required after craniectomy to manage aesthetic disfigurement, increased intracranial pressure due to traumatic brain injury, ischemic stroke, or brain tumors.
Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study carried out on 51 patients with cranial defects of different etiologies, sites and sizes who had cranioplasty in our hospital from January 2019 to December 2022.
Results: Fifty one patients included in the study, majority were in the age group of 21-30 years (37.3%). Mean age of the patients was 27.3 years. All patients had artificial material, polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA). The outcome of the procedure was good. The overall complication rate of 9.8% and reoperation rate of 3.8% were seen among our patients.
Conclusion: Cerebral protection and aesthetic contour of the cranium were achieved in all our patients. Cranioplasty is not without complications; however, good results are achievable in most of the patients.
Keywords: cranioplasty; craniectomy; trauma; brain