PriMera Scientific Surgical Research and Practice (ISSN: 2836-0028)

Research Article

Volume 1 Issue 4

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Mothers on Immunization in Akure North Local Government Area Ondo State South West Nigeria

Tomori Michael Olabode*

March 20, 2023


Background: The knowledge of mothers on immunization as a public health intervention that has greatly reduced mortality and morbidity globally is very vital as they play a great role in child care. Their ability to have the right knowledge will enhance their practice and attitude towards immunization. This study assessed the knowledge, attitude and practice of mothers on immunization and the impact of sociodemographic characteristics of children undergoing immunization. Objective: The aim of the study is to access the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of mothers on immunization in Akure Ondo State, South West Nigeria. Method: A descriptive study was conducted on mothers of children born between 26th September 2011 to 26th September 2012. A household multi-stage sampling 48-item questionnaire study design was modified, adopted and administered. Consents of respondents were sought before the administration of questionnaires. IBM SPSS Statistics version was used in analyzing the data. Results: The study showed that majority of respondent (89.6%) had an overall good knowledge while 5.2% each had fair and poor knowledge. But less than 60% and 3% reported for vaccination at the stipulated time and had negative attitude towards immunization respectively. Factors that affect the knowledge of mothers on immunization from the study are educational status, marital status, religion, geopolitical zone and her and/or the father of the child been immunized as children. Conclusion: This study revealed that respondents had high knowledge on immunization, however it doesn’t translate practice since some mothers did not complete their immunization schedule. There is a need for health promotion and education to sensitize mothers on the importance, objectives and benefits of immunization.

Keywords: Knowledge; attitude; practices; mothers; immunization


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